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undergraduate bulletin index

updated 8/15/2006

Gwendelyn Geidel, Assistant Director
Kirstin Dow, Director, Undergraduate Minor in Environmental Studies

Research Professor
Phillip E. Barnes, Ph.D., Erasmus University, 2000

Distinguished Lecturer
Rudy Mancke, B.S., Wofford College, 1967

Center for Water Research and Policy
Tom J. Temples, Ph.D., University of South Carolina, 1996
Vaneaton Price, Ph.D., University of North Carolina, 1969

Earth Sciences and Resources Institute
Sahadeb De, Ph.D., University of Calcutta, 2001
John M. Shafer, Ph.D., Colorado State University, 1979


The School of the Environment is an interdisciplinary program established in 1995 to focus on environmental issues fundamental to all humans. By following a track of courses in diverse colleges, the student has an opportunity to become knowledgeable in environmental issues at the social, economic, political, and scientific levels. The school consists of associated faculty in departments, centers, and institutes including business administration, engineering, public health, journalism and mass communications, liberal arts, and science and mathematics.

The following School of the Environment faculty have appointments in other departments and are listed below by these affiliations.

College of Arts and Sciences

Department of Anthropology
Laura Cahue, Ph.D., Michigan State University, 2001
Joanna L. Casey, Ph.D., University of Toronto, 1993
Kenneth G. Kelly, Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles, 1995
Thomas L. Leatherman, Ph.D., University of Massachusetts, Amherst, 1987
Gail E. Wagner, Ph.D., Washington University, St. Louis, 1987

Department of Art
David W. Voros, M.F.A., Indiana University, 1994

Belle W. Baruch Institute for Marine and Coastal Sciences
Dennis M. Allen, Ph.D., Lehigh University, 1978
Wendy B. Allen, M.Ed., University of South Carolina, 1980
Braxton C. Davis, Ph.D., University of Rhode Island, 2003
Madilyn Fletcher, Ph.D., University College of North Wales, 1975

Department of Biological Sciences
Renae J. Brodie, Ph.D., University of Washington, Seattle, 1999
Bruce C. Coull, Ph.D., Lehigh University, 1968
John Mark Dean, Ph.D., Purdue University, 1962
Berten E. Ely III, Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University, 1973
Robert J. Feller, Ph.D., University of Washington, 1977
Travis C. Glenn, Ph.D., University of Maryland, 1997
Brian S.T. Helmuth, Ph.D., University of Washington, 1997
Austin L. Hughes, Ph.D., Indiana University, 1984
David E. Lincoln, Ph.D., University of California, Santa Cruz, 1978
Lazlo Marton, Ph.D., Jozsef Attila University, 1976
James T. Morris, Ph.D., Yale University, 1979
Timothy A. Mousseau, Ph.D., McGill University, 1988
John B. Nelson, Ph.D., Florida State University
Joseph M. Quattro, Ph.D., Rutgers University, 1991
Roger H. Sawyer, Ph.D., University of Massachusetts, 1970
Stephen E. Stancyk, Ph.D., University of Florida, 1974
Sarah A. Woodin, Ph.D., University of Washington, 1972
Duane C. Yoch, Ph.D., Pennsylvania State University, 1968

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
John W. Baynes, Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University, 1973
John Ferry, Ph.D., University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 1996
Scott R. Goode, Ph.D., Michigan State University, 1974
Timothy J. Shaw, Ph.D., University of California, San Diego, 1988

Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice
J. Mitchell Miller, Ph.D., University of Tennessee, 1996

Department of English
Abner Keen Butterworth, Ph.D., University of South Carolina, 1970
Paula R. Feldman, Ph.D., Northwestern University, 1974

Christy Friend, Ph.D., University of Texas at Austin, 1997
Laura Dassow Walls, Ph.D., Indiana University, 1992

Department of Geography
Gregory J. Carbone, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, 1990
Edward R. Carr, Ph.D., University of Kentucky, 2002; Ph.D., Syracuse University, 2001
David J. Cowen, Ph.D., Ohio State University, 1971
Susan L. Cutter, Ph.D., University of Chicago, 1976
Kirstin Dow, Ph.D., Clark University, 1996
William L. Graf, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, 1974

Michael E. Hodgson, Ph.D., University of South Carolina, 1987
L. Allan James, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, 1988
Robert L. Janiskee, Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1974
John R. Jensen, Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles, 1976
Jerry T. Mitchell, Ph.D., University of South Carolina, 1998
Cary J. Mock, Ph.D., University of Oregon, 1994

Department of Geological Sciences
Philip M. Astwood, Ph.D., University of South Carolina, 1979
Claudia Benitez-Nelson, Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1999

John R. Carpenter, Ph.D., Florida State University, 1964
Arthur D. Cohen, Ph.D., Pennsylvania State University, 1968
Gwendelyn Geidel, Ph.D., J.D., University of South Carolina, 1982, 1989
Christopher G. St. C. Kendall, Ph.D., Imperial College of Science and Technology, London, UK, 1966
Venkat Lakshmi, Ph.D., Princeton University, 1995
Alan Nairn, Ph.D., University of Glasgow, 1954

Evangelos K. Paleologos, Ph.D., University of Arizona, 1994
Richard Styles, Ph.D., Rutgers University, 1998
Robert C. Thunell, Ph.D., University of Rhode Island, 1978
Raymond Torres, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, 1997
George Voulgaris, Ph.D., University of Southhampton, UK, 1992
Scott M. White, Ph.D., University of California, Santa Barbara, 2001
Douglas F. Williams, Ph.D., University of Rhode Island, 1976
Alicia Wilson, Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University, 1999

Department of History
Kendrick A. Clements, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, 1970
Thomas M. Lekan, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1999
Robert R. Weyeneth, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, 1984

Department of Mathematics
Douglas B. Meade, Ph.D., Carnegie Mellon University, 1989
Robert C. Sharpley, Ph.D., University of Texas, 1972
Hong Wang, Ph.D., University of Wyoming, 1992

Department of Physics and Astronomy
Joseph E. Johnson III, Ph.D., State University of New York at Stony Brook, 1968

Department of Political Science
Ann Bowman, Ph.D., University of Florida, 1979
Mark E. Tompkins, Ph.D., University of Minnesota, 1981
David P. Whiteman, Ph.D., University of North Carolina, 1980
Laura Woliver, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, 1986

Institute for Public Service and Policy Research
Environmental Research and Service Unit
Frank J. Cumberland Jr., J.D., George Washington University, 1998

Department of Religious Studies
Kevin Lewis, Ph.D., University of Chicago, 1980

South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology
Christopher O. Clement, Ph.D., University of Florida, 1995

Department of Statistics
Don Edwards, Ph.D., Ohio State University, 1981
Walter W. Piegorsch, Ph.D., Cornell University, 1984

Moore School of Business

James R. Sweigart, Ph.D., Carnegie Mellon University, 1976
Kathleen M. Whitcomb, Ph.D., University of Minnesota, 1989
Douglas F. Woodward, Ph.D., University of Texas at Austin, 1986

College of Education

Stephen Thompson, Ph.D., Vanderbilt University, 2002

College of Engineering and Information Technology

Department of Chemical Engineering
Michael D. Amiridis, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, 1991
Thomas A. Davis, Ph.D., University of South Carolina, 1967
Francis A. Gadala-Maria, Ph.D., Stanford University, 1979
Michael A. Matthews, Ph.D., Texas A&M University, 1986
Branko N. Popov, Ph.D., University of Zagreb, 1972
James A. Ritter, Ph.D., State University of New York at Buffalo, 1989
John W. Weidner, Ph.D., North Carolina State University, 1991
Ralph E. White, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, 1977

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Erik I. Anderson, Ph.D., University of Minnesota-Minneapolis, 1999
M. Hanif Chaudhry, Ph.D., University of British Columbia, 1970
Joseph Raymond V. Flora, Ph.D., University of Cincinnati, 1993
Kenneth W. Harrison, Ph.D., North Carolina State University, 2002
Liv Haselbach, Ph.D., University of Connecticut, 2000

Jasim Imran, Ph.D., University of Minnesota, 1997
Anthony S. McAnally, Ph.D., Auburn University, 1989
Michael E. Meadows, Ph.D., University of Tennessee, 1976
Charles A. Pierce, Ph.D., Northwestern University, 1998

Richard P. Ray, Ph.D., University of Michigan, 1983

Department of Computer Science and Engineering
John B. Bowles, Ph.D., Rutgers University, 1982
Michael N. Huhns, Ph.D., University of Southern California, 1975

Department of Mechanical Engineering
Abdel E. Bayoumi, Ph.D., North Carolina State University, 1982
Jamil A. Khan, Ph.D., Clemson University, 1988
Jeffrey H. Morehouse, Ph.D., Auburn University, 1976
Walter H. Peters, Ph.D., Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1978

School of Law

Kim Diana Connolly, J.D., Georgetown University Law Center, 1993
Joshua Eagle, J.D., Georgetown University Law Center, 1990
David Linnan, J.D., University of Chicago Law School, 1979

College of Mass Communications and Information Studies

Sonya F. Duhé, Ph.D., University of Missouri, 1993
Susanna Hornig Priest, Ph.D., University of Washington, 1989

School of Medicine

Department of Cell and Developmental Biology and Anatomy
Charles A. Blake, Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles, 1972
Clarke F. Millette, Ph.D., Rockefeller University, 1975

Department of Microbiology and Immunology
William E. Bowers, Ph.D., The Rockefeller University, 1966
Alvin Fox, Ph.D., University of Leeds, 1976

Department of Pharmacology, Physiology, and Neuroscience
Matthew B. Wolf, Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles, 1967

Department of Radiology
David F. Adcock, M.D., Medical College of South Carolina, 1962, M.P.H., University of South Carolina, 1986

Arnold School of Public Health

Center for Health Services and Policy Research
K. Sue Haddock, Ph.D., University of Texas at Austin, 1988

Department of Environmental Health Sciences
C. Marjorie Aelion, Ph.D., University of North Carolina, 1988
G. Thomas Chandler, Ph.D., Louisiana State University, 1986
Alan W. Decho, Ph.D., Louisiana State University, 1987
Charles E. Feigley, Ph.D., University of North Carolina, 1978
Lee A. Newman, Ph.D., Rutgers University, 1993

Dwayne E. Porter, Ph.D., University of South Carolina, 1995
Craig A. Stow, Ph.D., Duke University, 1992
Dwight W. Underhill, Sc.D., Harvard University, 1967

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
J. Wanzer Drane, Ph.D., Emory University, 1967
James R. Hebert, Sc.D., Harvard University, 1984

Andrew B. Lawson, Ph.D., University of St. Andrews, UK, 1991
John E. Vena, Ph.D., State University of New York at Buffalo, 1980

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders
Elaine M. Frank, Ph.D., University of South Carolina, 1988

USC Aiken

Department of Biology and Geology
Andrew R. Dyer, Ph.D., University of California, Davis, 1996
Sarah Michele Harmon, Ph.D., University of South Carolina, 2003
William A. Pirkle, Ph.D., University of North Carolina, 1972
Harry E. Shealy Jr., Ph.D., University of South Carolina, 1972
Garriet W. Smith, Ph.D., Clemson University, 1981

USC Beaufort

Department of Biology
Randall E. Cross, Ph.D., University of North Carolina, 1994
Joseph L. Staton, Ph.D., University of Louisiana, 1992

Department of Business Administration
Davis Folsom, Ph.D., University of Connecticut, 1979

USC Lancaster

Department of Biological Sciences
Todd L. Scarlett, Ph.D., Washington State University, 1997

USC Upstate

Department of Languages, Literature, and Composition
Richard L. Predmore Jr., Ph.D., University of Florida, 1974

Division of Natural Sciences and Engineering
Julian W. Green, Ph.D., Harvard University, 1988

USC Sumter

Division of Science, Mathematics, and Engineering
Pearl R. Fernandes, Ph.D., University of South Carolina, 1993
John F. Logue, M.S., University of South Carolina, 1966

Minor in Environmental Studies

The minor in environmental studies consists of a minimum of 18 hours. Four courses (12-13 hours) make up the required core. The remaining hours (six) must come from the approved courses list. Students wishing to enter the environmental studies minor must first complete ENVR 101 and 101L as a prerequisite. A course in statistics (STAT 110 or equivalent) is strongly recommended. All prerequisite courses may be used to meet general education requirements, if applicable. Students enrolled in the College of Arts and Sciences (curriculum II) and the College of Engineering and Information Technology must choose their remaining hours from the courses listed below specifically for them. Students who are enrolled in other colleges and schools should choose their remaining hours from the courses listed specifically for them. No courses will be allowed to count for both the minor in environmental studies and the student’s major. South Carolina Honors College students are encouraged to pursue this course of study, but honors proseminars in environmentally related subjects used for credit toward the minor must be approved by the School of the Environment Education Committee.

A student may pursue a minor in environmental studies with the academic advisor’s approval. The student must declare the selection of the minor in the office of the student’s major academic dean. Further information may be obtained from the School of the Environment, Office of the Dean, Byrnes Building, Room 702G, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208; phone: 803-777-1325; e-mail: meerm@environ.sc.edu.

A student may also pursue an emphasis in environmental studies through the Bachelor of Arts in Interdisciplinary Studies (B.A.I.S.) degree program or the Bachelor of Science in Interdisciplinary Studies (B.S.I.S.) degree program. Contact the appropriate college for information on interdisciplinary studies programs.

Minor Requirements

Core Requirements

(12-13 hours)

(one course from each group)

Group A
BIOL 270 Introduction to Environmental Biology (3), including BIOL 270L (1) or
GEOG 343 Human Impact on the Environment (3)

Group B
GEOL 215 Coastal Environments of the Southeast (3) or
GEOL 205 Earth Resources (3)

Group C
POLI 477 Ecology and Politics (3) or
PHIL 341 Environmental Ethics (3)

Group D
ECON 548 Environmental Economics (3)* (Suggested prereq: ECON 221 and 222 or ECON 224) or
ECON 500 Urban Economics (3) or
ECON 508 Law and Economics (3)

*ECON 548 is preferred for Group D.

Additional Requirements Selected from List of Approved Courses (6 hours)

Selectives for students majoring in the College of Arts and Sciences (curriculum II) or College of Engineering and Information Technology:

ANTH 565 Health and Disease in the Past (3)
ENVR 399 Independent Study (1-3) or ENVR 500 Environmental Practicum (3)
GEOG 346 Climate and Society (3)
GEOG 347 Water as a Resource (3)
GEOG 516 Coastal Zone Management (3)
GEOG 530 Environmental Hazards (3)
GEOG 566 Social Aspects of Environmental Planning and Management (3)
GEOG 568 Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change (3) (Prereq: GEOG 343 or consent of instructor)
GEOG 569 {=ANTH 569} Environment and Development (3)
HIST 448 American Environmental History (3)
JOUR 562 The Journalism of Science and Technology (3)
PHIL 317 Ethics of Science and Technology (3)
POLI 368 Interest Groups and Social Movements (3)
POLI 380 Comparative Politics of Developing Countries (3)
POLI 421 Law and Contemporary International Problems (3)
POLI 431 Science, Technology and World Affairs (3)
SEGL 307 Literature and Nature (3) (only at USC Spartanburg)
SOCY 315 World Population: Problems and Policies (3)

Selectives for students majoring in all other colleges and schools (except Arts and Sciences [curriculum II] and Engineering and Information Technology):

BIOL 301 Ecology and Evolution (3) (Prereq: BIOL 102 or MSCI 311)
BIOL 570 Principles of Ecology (3) (Prereq: BIOL 301 or MSCI 311)
CHEM 321 Quantitative Analysis (3) (Prereq: CHEM 112 or SCCC 104; coreq: CHEM 321L)
ENVR 399 Independent Study (1-3) or ENVR 500 Environmental Practicum (3)
GEOG 346 Climate and Society (3)
GEOG 347 Water as a Resource (3)
GEOG 371 Air Pollution Climatology (3)
GEOL 560 Earth Resource Management (3)
GEOL 561 Environmental Field Geology (6)
GEOL 570 Environmental Hydrogeology (3) (Prereq: GEOL 101 and CHEM 111 or their equivalents)
MSCI 390 Science and Environmental Policy (3) (Prereq: BIOL 301 or MSCI 311, or permission of instructor)
MSCI 557 Coastal Processes {=GEOL 557} (Prereq: consent of instructor)
ECIV 350 Introduction to Environmental Engineering (3) (Prereq: CHEM 111, MATH 141)
ECIV 551 Elements of Water and Wastewater Treatment (3) (Prereq: ECIV 350)
ENGR 540 Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing (3) (Prereq: graduate student standing or consent of instructor)
STAT 519 Sampling (3) (Prereq: STAT 515 or equivalent)

Course Descriptions

  • ANTH 565--Health and Disease in the Past. (3) Varieties and effects of disease patterns among past populations illustrating biological, environmental, and cultural interrelationships.
  • BIOL 270--Introduction to Environmental Biology. (3) Basic ecological principles and the impacts of human population growth and technology. Not for major credit.
  • BIOL 270L--Introduction to Environmental Biology Laboratory. (1) (Prereq or coreq: BIOL 270) Demonstrations, data analyses, discussions, and films relating to human ecology, resource use, and environmental impact. Two hours per week. Not for major credit.
  • BIOL 301--Ecology and Evolution. (3) (Prereq: BIOL 102 or MSCI 311) Concepts of evolution, populations and population interactions; communities and ecosystems. Three lecture hours per week.
  • BIOL 570--Principles of Ecology. (3) (Prereq: BIOL 301 or MSCI 311) Interactions of organisms and the environment; ecosystem structure and functions. Three lecture hours per week.
  • CHEM 321--Quantitative Analysis. (3) (Prereq: CHEM 112 or SCCC 104; coreq: CHEM 321L) Gravimetric, volumetric, and introductory instrumental analysis. Three lecture and one recitation hours per week.
  • ECIV 350--Introduction to Environmental Engineering. (3) (Prereq: CHEM 112, MATH 141) Concepts of environmental engineering, including air and water pollution, solid and hazardous waste disposal, and noise pollution. Qualitative and quantitative development of engineering techniques for pollution control.
  • ECIV 551--Elements of Water and Wastewater Treatment. (3) (Prereq: ECIV 350) Unit operations and processes employed in the physical, chemical, and biological treatment of water and wastewater. Design of water and wastewater treatment systems.
  • ECON 548--Environmental Economics. (3) An analysis of the economic aspects of environmental decay, pollution control, and natural resource use. Analysis of the ability of the market system to allocate resources efficiently when economic activity is accompanied by environmental damage. Discussion of alternative public policy approaches to pollution control and natural resource conservation.
  • ENGR 540--Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing. (3) (Prereq: graduate student standing or consent of instructor) Design for the environment; life cycle analysis; environmental economics and global competitiveness; legal and regulatory affairs; and management of technological change. Interdisciplinary collaboration of engineering, science, math, and business majors.
  • ENVR 101--Introduction to the Environment. (3) Analysis of environmental issues and the role of science in their identification and resolution.
  • ENVR 101L--Introduction to the Environment Lab. (1) (Prereq or coreq: ENVR 101) Demonstrations, field trips, data analyses, and discussion relating to environmental issues, such as sustainability, resource management, and pollution control.
  • ENVR 200--Natural History of South Carolina. (4) Course provides a general review of plants, animals, and geological features of South Carolina, with an emphasis on connections in the natural world (3 lecture hours and 3 lab hours per week).
  • ENVR 399--Independent Study. (1-6) Contract approved by instructor, advisor, and dean of the School of the Environment is required for undergraduate students.
  • ENVR 500--Environmental Practicum. (3) (Prereq: permission of instructor) Multidisciplinary research projects related to University or community environmental problems (e.g., energy, water conservation, solid waste, recycling).
  • GEOG 343--Human Impact on the Environment. (3) A spatial consideration of the processes, effects, and trends in environmental change resulting from human activity. The problems of resource management and the implications for future habitation of the earth are emphasized.
  • GEOG 346--Climate and Society. (3) Major theories and methodologies for studying the relationship between climate and society.
  • GEOG 347--Water as a Resource. (3) Introduction to spatial and institutional aspects of water availability, demand, and quality. Water storage/conveyance strategies and facilities. Real and perceived flood, drought hazards.
  • GEOG 371--Air Pollution Climatology. (3) Fundamentals, processes, and issues associated with air pollution. Emphasis is on the role of the atmosphere, how air pollution affects surface climate, and how climate and meteorology influence air quality.
  • GEOG 516--Coastal Zone Management. (3) Analysis of the competing demands for limited resources in the coastal zone with emphasis on the role of management in the resolution of conflicts over resource use.
  • GEOG 530--Environmental Hazards. (3) Human and environmental contributions to the generation and management of hazards originating from extreme natural events to technological failures. Contemporary public policy issues at the national and international level.
  • GEOG 566--Social Aspects of Environmental Planning and Management. (3) (Prereq: GEOG 343 or consent of instructor) Geographical approach to environmental problems.
  • GEOG 568--Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change. (3) (Prereq: GEOG 343 or consent of instructor) Consequences of increasing anthropogenic changes on environmental systems including the sources of change, regional impacts, and social and policy responses.
  • GEOG 569--Environment and Development. {=ANTH 569} (3) (Prereq: consent of instructor) Examination of development theory and environmental implications of social and economic change. Study of general theoretical perspectives will be balanced with case study materials.
  • GEOL 215--Coastal Environments of the Southeastern U.S. {= MSCI 215} (3) Coastal zones of South Carolina and neighboring states, including geologic history, geomorphology, stratigraphy, hydrogeology, shoreline processes, environmental issues and effects of man. Three lecture hours each week plus optional field trips.
  • GEOL 560--Earth Resource Management. (3) An approach to problems of resource management by lecture and seminar using case studies in mineral, energy, hydrogeological and environmental science.
  • GEOL 561--Environmental Field Geology. (6) An introduction to field methods in sedimentology, structural geology, hydrogeology and geophysics with special reference to geological hazards and environmental problems.
  • GEOL 570--Environmental Hydrogeology. (3) (Prereq: GEOL 101 and CHEM 111 or their equivalents) Environmental considerations of the hydrologic cycle, occurrence and movement of ground water, aquifer analysis and water well emplacement and construction. Water quality, pollution parameters, and the geochemistry of selected natural systems. The effects of environmental problems, waste disposal, and urban development upon the aqueous geochemical regime.
  • HIST 448--American Environmental History. (3) Interaction of cultural values, economic interests, public policy, and technology with the physical environment over time.
  • JOUR 562--The Journalism of Science and Technology. (3) Explores the role of the media in shaping perceptions of scientific issues and public policy. Emphasis on methods of communicating technical information to various publics.
  • MSCI 390--Science and Environmental Policy. (3) (Prereq: BIOL 301 or MSCI 311 or permission of instructor) Selected issues in the use of scientific information in resource management policies. Readings, invited lecturers, discussions and debate, and a required field trip.
  • MSCI 557--Coastal Processes {= GEOL 557}. (3) (Prereq: consent of instructor) Physical and geological processes controlling the formation and evolution of beach, barrier, and nearshore environments, including discussion of coastal management issues. Field trip(s) to coastal environments.
  • PHIL 317--Ethics of Science and Technology. (3) Role of ethical judgments in directing or curtailing scientific research; case studies from natural and social sciences.
  • POLI 368--Interest Groups and Social Movements. (3) The mobilization, organization, tactics, and results of group-based politics, including latent interests and the suppression of interests.
  • POLI 421--Law and Contemporary International Problems. (3) The growth of law in several areas of increasing international concern: environmental protection, expropriation, outer space, individual rights and obligations, conservation of resources, state responsibility, and terrorism.
  • POLI 431--Science, Technology and World Affairs. (3) An introduction to the impact of scientific and technological change on international relations. Attention to such topics as control of nuclear weapons, peaceful uses of space, international environmental problems, and the development of national science policies.
  • POLI 477--Ecology and Politics. (3) An analysis of political responses to ecological issues including both general perspectives on the nature of social and environmental problems as well as specific local, state, national, and global concerns.
  • SOCY 315--World Population: Problems and Policies. (3) World population growth and concomitant socioeconomic problems. Effectiveness of governmental policies concerned with population growth. Topics include "over-population," fertility control, population distribution, and future prospects.
  • STAT 519--Sampling. (3) (Prereq: STAT 515 or equivalent) Techniques of statistical sampling in finite populations with applications in the analysis of sample survey data. Topics include simple random sampling for means and proportions, stratified sampling, cluster sampling, ratio estimates, and two-stage sampling.