The general requirements for admission are: completion of an undergraduate degree in music (or the equivalent); evidence of an ability to pursue doctoral study in the desired area (see information online); and fulfillment of the general requirements for admission to The Graduate School, including the submission of three recommendations. Applicants whose native language is not English are also required to submit a satisfactory score on the TOEFL or the IELTS Intl. Academic Course Type 2 exam. Normally, the minimum acceptable score on the TOEFL is 80 (internet-based) or 570 (paper-based). The minimum acceptable overall band score on the IELTS Intl. Academic Course Type 2 exam is 6.5. Applicants for the Master of Music degree in composition, conducting, jazz studies, opera theatre, or performance and whose TOEFL score is below the normal minimum will be considered on an individual basis for conditional admission. Such applicants must demonstrate exceptional abilities in the major area and evidence through past academic or professional activities strong promise for future professional success. Admission decisions are based upon the applicant’s total application portfolio, with particular weight given to the audition (for those applying in the area of conducting, jazz performance, performance, or piano pedagogy), composing experience (jazz composition), or research/writing abilities (thesis track in piano pedagogy).