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updated 5/11/2009

Mary Anne Fitzpatrick, Dean
Steven W. Lynn, Associate Dean
Timothy A. Mousseau, Associate Dean
Roger H. Sawyer, Associate Dean
Sonya Brown, Assistant Dean

Mary Ann Byrnes, Assistant Dean
Kristia H. Finnigan, Assistant Dean
Loren W. Knapp, Assistant Dean
Glenda Ridgely, Assistant Dean


Overview

Since 1805, the College of Arts and Sciences has been the intellectual core of the University of South Carolina, entrusted with the responsibility to provide superb teaching in the arts and sciences to all undergraduates. The college is a richly diverse community dedicated to the discovery, dissemination, and application of knowledge about the natural and human world. It is committed to enriching the academic experience of every undergraduate student through a wide and innovative array of courses, programs, and opportunities in the arts, humanities, and sciences; developing the next generation of intellectual leaders; and excelling in research, scholarship, and creative activity. With its broad coverage of academic disciplines, the college is uniquely situated to promote opportunities for student research and interdisciplinary and international learning. As the heart of a major research university, the college is a catalyst for positive change in the local community, the state, the nation, and the world.

Undergraduate study in the College of Arts and Sciences is rooted in the great tradition of liberal education. A liberal education is necessarily broad, comprising study and experience in the arts, humanities, mathematical sciences, natural sciences, and social and behavioral sciences. Such an education prepares students to reason analytically and to think critically, to communicate effectively, to expand their creative and intellectual capacities, to comprehend the relationship between humans and the natural world, to appreciate the promises and limitations of technology, and to understand the connections among diverse cultures, ways of processing knowledge, and forms of human expression. Curricula in the college, both general education and major programs of study, support these aims.

The College of Arts and Sciences consists of the Departments of Anthropology; Art; Biological Sciences; Chemistry and Biochemistry; Criminology and Criminal Justice; English; Geography; Geological Sciences; History; Languages, Literatures, and Cultures; Mathematics; Philosophy; Physics and Astronomy; Political Science; Psychology; Religious Studies; Sociology; Statistics; and Theatre and Dance and programs in African American studies, classical studies, European studies, film and media studies, Latin American studies, marine science, Southern studies, and women's and gender studies. Through departmental and interdepartmental programs in these areas, the college offers the degrees of Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Science in Chemistry, Bachelor of Fine Arts, Bachelor of Arts in Interdisciplinary Studies, and Bachelor of Science in Interdisciplinary Studies. The college also offers an undergraduate degree program in economics as well as a degree program in cardiovascular technology that combines 100 semester hours of academic work with a clinical program at an accredited hospital.

The college additionally includes interdepartmental programs in comparative literature, which offers a major and minor in comparative literature and degrees at the graduate level, and linguistics, which offers a minor in linguistics and degrees at the graduate level. The School of the Environment offers a minor and a degree at the graduate level. The Departments of Aerospace Studies, Military Science, and Naval Science administer the University's ROTC programs.

In addition to serving students majoring in any of the established arts and sciences disciplines, the constituent departments and programs of the College of Arts and Sciences offer courses included in the general degree requirements and elective options for all baccalaureate students at the University. The departments of the college also participate actively in the South Carolina Honors College.

The Department of Art is accredited by the National Association of Schools of Art and Design. The Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry has been approved by the American Chemical Society’s (ACS) Committee on Professional Training, and the curriculum for the Bachelor of Science in Chemistry meets ACS requirements. In the Department of Psychology, the graduate degrees in clinical/community psychology are accredited by the American Psychological Association; graduate degrees in school psychology are accredited by the National Association of State Directors of Teacher Education and Certification, the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education, and the National Association of School Psychologists, with the doctoral program also being accredited by the American Psychological Association. The Master of Public Administration degree offered by the Department of Political Science is accredited by the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration. The Department of Theatre and Dance is accredited by the National Association of Schools of Theatre and the University/Resident Theatre Association.

Entrance Requirements

New freshmen who meet University admissions standards are eligible for admission to degree programs offered by the college. A student who wishes to enter the College of Arts and Sciences from another college on the Columbia campus must be in good standing and have a cumulative GPA of 2.00 or higher. A student who wishes to enter the College of Arts and Sciences from another USC campus must fulfill one of the following requirements:

1. Be in good standing, meet the admission requirements for a baccalaureate degree on the Columbia campus, and have a cumulative GPA of 2.00 or higher.
2. Be in good standing and have completed 30 semester hours with a GPA of 2.00 or higher on a USC campus.

Some programs in the College of Arts and Sciences have special admission requirements established by the department or committee that supervises the specific degree program, for example, cardiovascular technology, biology, chemistry, economics, the Bachelor of Arts in Interdisciplinary Studies, and the Bachelor of Science in Interdisciplinary Studies. These requirements are listed below in the sections of this bulletin that describe department and special degree programs.

Progression Requirements

To remain in a degree program offered by the College of Arts and Sciences, a student must make satisfactory academic progress toward the degree. A student who fails to make satisfactory progress may be placed on academic probation or removed from the college. In addition, all students in the college are subject to the regulations on probation, suspension, and readmission in the section of this bulletin titled "Academic Regulations." Additional progression and retention requirements for majors in cardiovascular technology, biology, chemistry, economics, mathematics, psychology, and statistics are specified in the appropriate section of the bulletin.

The faculty of the College of Arts and Sciences recognizes the importance of clear, precise, and correct writing as part of a liberal education. Therefore, the faculty encourages the assignment of written work and fully supports professors who require written assignments to conform to reasonable standards of organization, development, coherence, and acceptable English usage.

Attendance Requirements

Enrollment in a course obligates the student not only for prompt completion of all work assigned but also for punctual and regular attendance and for participation in whatever class discussion may occur. It is the student's responsibility to keep informed concerning all assignments made. Absences, whether excused or unexcused, do not absolve the student from this responsibility.

Absence from more than 10 percent of the scheduled class sessions, whether excused or unexcused, is excessive, and the instructor may choose to exact a grade penalty for such absences.

Graduation

In order to be eligible for graduation, students in the College of Arts and Sciences must meet all course requirements for the degree program, be in good standing, meet any departmental or program requirements, and have a cumulative GPA of at least 2.00 on all work attempted at USC.

Department and program requirements appear under the appropriate departmental listing.

Advising

Students who wish to pursue a degree program in the College of Arts and Sciences must be admitted to the college and advised within the college. Each of the degree programs of the college has a director of undergraduate studies who supervises the academic advising of the students majoring in that program. Although it is the responsibility of students in the college to ensure that they complete all graduation requirements, the faculty and administration of the college make every effort possible to see that students are provided with accurate and timely academic advising. Students must see their academic advisors at least once each semester for assistance in planning their academic program. No student will be allowed to complete the registration process without an advising form approved by an assigned faculty advisor.

Freshmen planning to major in one of the college’s degree programs in the humanities, social sciences, or arts are advised by the college’s advisors in the Office of Undergraduate Academic Affairs, Gambrell 258; upon the completion of the first 30 hours, students are sent to the major department or program, where they are assigned a major advisor who is responsible for planning and approving the program of study. Freshmen planning to major in the sciences, mathematics, statistics, or cardiovascular technology are assigned a major advisor upon entry to the college.

During the next-to-last semester before graduation, students must arrange for their academic advisors to complete a major program card; students must then schedule an appointment for a senior records check in the appropriate undergraduate dean’s office. Any deficiencies in general education, major, minor, cognate, or special departmental requirements will be noted. This information should form the basis for the student's final academic advising.

Advising, senior records checks, graduation, and related processes for students majoring in one of the college’s degree programs in the humanities, social sciences, or arts are supervised by the Office of Undergraduate Academic Affairs, Gambrell 258. For students majoring in the sciences, mathematics, statistics, or cardiovascular technology, these processes are supervised by the Office of Undergraduate Academic Affairs, Jones Physical Science Center 109.

It is the responsibility of each student to understand and complete all requirements for the degree. Each student should obtain a copy of the Guidelines for Advising from the appropriate undergraduate dean's office. The student's major department and major advisor are responsible for interpreting and applying major, minor, and cognate requirements. When special problems arise, the student may consult the appropriate undergraduate dean’s office.

Career Development

The Career Development Program in the College of Arts and Sciences aims to complement academic advising by assisting students in clarifying career directions. Students are encouraged to begin the process of career planning as early as possible, normally in the freshman year. Career counselors are available in the University Career Center to assist students in gaining an understanding of the student's own interests, values, abilities, and personality; the nature of a liberal education and the related marketable skills; and the numerous career opportunities available for arts and sciences students. The University Career Center provides individual career counseling, testing, workshops, networking and job shadowing opportunities, job search seminars, and a career planning library. In addition, students are encouraged to complement their academic studies with career-related work experience such as internships, cooperative education, part-time work experience, or volunteer work. The University Career Center provides advisors with career resource listings to assist them in referring students to the center.

Right of Petition

A student may seek relief from academic standards and regulations by appealing to the Scholastic Standards and Petitions Committee of the College of Arts and Sciences. Information on procedures may be obtained from the appropriate undergraduate dean’s office.

Withdrawal

Students may drop a course(s) without academic penalty by the deadline for that term and session. The deadline is published in the Master Schedule of Classes each semester on the registrar's Web site and is referred to as the “Last day to drop a course or withdraw without a grade of ‘WF’ being recorded.” Students who drop a course(s) on or before this deadline are assigned the grade of W. Students who drop a course(s) after the deadline are assigned the grade of WF, which is computed as an F in the GPA and suspension formula.

Exceptions to the assignment of the WF grade are possible in cases of extenuating circumstances. An extenuating circumstance withdrawal from all courses for a particular term can be requested only for an acceptable major cause that is documented and verifiable. Requests for selective withdrawals, i.e., from one or some classes, are normally not granted.

Special Opportunities

The college endorses the use of departmental independent study courses to further students' intellectual pursuits in alternative ways. Before students may register for an independent study course, they must present a completed independent study contract that has been approved by the instructor selected for the independent study project, the major advisor, and the appropriate undergraduate dean. No student may apply more than 15 hours of independent study credits toward the degree. Unless approved as a part of the major, minor, or cognate, independent study courses will be graded only on a Pass-Fail basis. A grade point average of 2.50 or greater is required to enroll in independent study courses.

Minor in Medical Humanities

George Khushf, Director

This minor is designed primarily for students intending to go into medicine. It will provide an understanding of the ethical issues as well as a selective examination of sociocultural, legal, economic, and political factors that condition medical knowledge and practice. The minor will also be valuable for students interested in health law or other areas directly related to the health professions.

Application. Students must complete an application and qualify for the medical humanities minor. Applications can be submitted any time after the freshman year (30 credit hours completed). Normally, students will be expected to have at least a 3.30 grade point average. Applications will be evaluated by a Medical Humanities Education Committee, and they will be judged on overall academic merit. Application forms can be obtained from the Department of Philosophy, the College of Arts and Sciences, and the Honors College.

Opportunity to Participate in Honors College Courses. Several courses in the medical humanities minor will be offered as honors courses. Students minoring in medical humanities will be able to take these courses, and they will have priority in registration, even over Honors College students who are not minoring in medical humanities. This will provide students outside of the Honors College with the opportunity to do extensive course work in the Honors College.

Requirements. Eighteen credit hours are required to satisfy the minor. There is one required course (3 credit hours). Three additional courses (9 credit hours) must be chosen from offerings in Group A. Remaining courses (6 credit hours) can be chosen from either Group A or Group B. Additional honors proseminars in the medical humanities may satisfy minor requirements in either Group A or B, provided the course substitutions are approved by the Medical Humanities Education Committee.

Required Courses

PHIL 312 Medical Ethics

Group A. Choose at least three of the following courses:
ANTH 551 {=HPRE 551} Medical Anthropology: Fieldwork
ANTH 552 {=HPRE 552} Medical Anthropology
ANTH 565 Health and Disease in the Past
ANTH 568 Nutritional Anthropology
ECON 531 Health Economics
HIST 451 The History of American Medicine
HIST 452 The History of Science in America
PHIL 211 Contemporary Moral Issues
PHIL 315 History and Philosophy of Science
PHIL 317 Ethics of Science and Technology
PHIL 512 Philosophy of Science (Prereq: 3 hours in philosophy beyond the 100 level or consent of instructor)
PHIL 514 Recent Ethical Theory (Prereq: PHIL 312 or consent of instructor)
PHIL 550 Health Care Ethics (Prereq: 3 hours in philosophy beyond the 100 level or consent of instructor)
POLI 374 Public Policy
PSYC 410 Survey of Abnormal Psychology (Prereq: PSYC 101 or SCCC 130)
PSYC 465 Health Psychology (Prereq: PSYC 101 or SCCC 130)
SCCC 430K Behavioral Medicine
SCCC 457F Literature and AIDS
SOCY 313 Sociology of Aging (Prereq: SOCY 101)
SOCY 322 Sociology of Suicide (Prereq: SOCY 101)
SOCY 341 Sociology of Death and Dying (Prereq: SOCY 101)
SOCY 360 Sociology of Medicine and Health (Prereq: SOCY 101)
SOCY 460 Sociology of Mental Health (Prereq: SOCY 101)
WGST 113 Women and Their Bodies in Health and Disease
WGST 541 {=NURS 541} Issues in Women's Health

Group B. One or two courses may be selected from the following:
ANTH 364 Human Variation
ANTH 557 Psychological Anthropology
CLAS 230 Medical and Scientific Terminology
PHRM 446 Pharmaceutical Law (Prereq: sixth semester standing)
CRJU 543 Criminal Justice and Mental Health
FINA 341 Management of Risk and Insurance
SOWK 302 Foundations of Social Welfare

Minor in Neuroscience

This minor is designed for students going into graduate studies in neuroscience, animal behavior, or psychology; students going into medicine; and students simply interested in gaining a better understanding of their own interactions with the world. The minor will provide opportunities to develop a strong background of how the nervous system works from the social and behavioral to the cellular and molecular levels. Beyond a core requirement, students may focus on topics of specific interest. Research experience is required.

Application

Students must complete an application and qualify for the neuroscience minor. Applications can be submitted any time after the freshman year (30 credit hours must be completed). Normally, students will be expected to have at least a 3.30 grade point average. Applications will be evaluated by the Neuroscience Education Committee, and they will be judged on overall academic merit. Application forms can be obtained from the Departments of Psychology and Biological Sciences, the College of Arts and Sciences, and the Honors College and off the Web at http://zebra.biol.sc.edu/neurominor.

Opportunity to Participate in Honors College Courses

Courses suitable for the neuroscience minor may be offered as honors courses. Students minoring in neuroscience will be able to take these courses, and they will have priority registration, even over Honors College students who are not minoring in neuroscience. This will provide students outside of the Honors College with the opportunity to do course work in the Honors College.

Requirements

Eighteen credit hours are required to satisfy the minor. Students must complete at least two of the listed core courses (Group A) and an optional distribution of courses from a secondary list (Group C). Students must also complete 2-3 credit hours of neuroscience research experience in a participating laboratory (BIOL 399, PSYC 498, or SCCC 399)--these credit hours are in addition to the research or practicum hours that may be applied to the chosen major. Information about laboratories in neuroscience can be found at http://zebra.biol.sc.edu/neurominor. Additional honors proseminars or other specialized courses in the neurosciences may satisfy minor requirements in Group C, provided the course substitutions are approved by the Neuroscience Education Committee.

Courses

Group A: core classes
Choose at least two out of three classes:

SCCC 330P Introduction to Neuroscience (3 hours)
BIOL 635 Neurobiology (4 hours)
PSYC 460 Physiological Psychology (3 hours)

Group B: research in neuroscience
Choose one of the following:

PSYC 498 Independent Study (2-3 hours)
BIOL 499 Independent Study (2-3 hours)
SCCC 399 Independent Study (2-3 hours)

Group C:
Select courses (typically three classes from the following list to complete 18 credit hours:

ANTH 361 Becoming Human (3 hours)
BIOL 534 Animal Behavior (3 hours)
BIOL 534L Laboratory in Animal Behavior (1 hour)
BIOL 460 General Physiology or BIOL 543 Comparative Physiology (3 hours) (note that both courses cannot be counted toward the minor)
BIOL 302 Cell and Molecular Biology (3 hours)
BIOL 302L Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory (1 hour)
PHIL 309 Mind and Nature (3 hours)
PSYC 370 Psychology of Consciousness (3 hours)
PSYC 400 Survey of Learning and Memory (3 hours)
PSYC 405 Survey of Cognitive Psychology (3 hours)
PSYC 450 Sensation and Perception (3 hours)
PSYC 503 Psychology of Drug Use and Effects (3 hours)
PSYC 524 Psychology of Mental Retardation (3 hours)
PSYC 507 Cognitive Neuroscience (3 hours)
PSYC 571 Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory (3 hours)
PSYC 560 Advanced Physiological Psychology (3 hours)
PSYC 570 Physiological Psychology Laboratory (3 hours)
SCCC 386F Neurobiology of Culture (3 hours)
SCCC 383Q Neuroethics (3 hours)
SCCC 393E Scientific Publishing (Neuroscience) (1-3 hours)

Center for Science Education

The Center for Science Education, in conjunction with selected departments in the College of Arts and Sciences, is responsible for developing and coordinating interdisciplinary teacher education courses and programs in science and mathematics. These courses are listed and described below under "Science and Mathematics for Educators" and carry the interdisciplinary SMED designator.

The Center for Science Education also assists individual departments in offering content-specific courses in their disciplines designed for in-service teachers. These courses carrying individual departmental designators include:

BIOL 501, 770, 771, 772, 775, and 776
CHEM 702, 703, 704, 705, 706, and 709
GEOL 531, 700, 702
MSCI 803, 777 and 778
MATH 701-I, 702-I, 703-I, 704-I, 712-I, 736-I, 752-I, and 780-I
PHYS 781, 782, 783, 784, 785, and 787

Science and Mathematics for Educators (SMED)

  • 510 -- Life Science for Teachers I. (3) Topics appropriate for elementary and middle-school curricula; phylogenetic organization of major kingdoms, characteristics of plants and animals, including humans; ecological principles; communities; energy needs, resources, flow and balance; heredity and adaptation.
  • 510L -- Life Science for Teachers Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: SMED 510, permission of instructor)
  • 520 -- Earth Science for Teachers I. (3) Topics appropriate for elementary and middle school curricula; solar system; earth-moon-sun relationships; geologic time; earth materials; emphasis on surface processes and an introduction to internal processes.
  • 520L -- Earth Science for Teachers Laboratory I. (1) (Coreq: SMED 520, permission of instructor)
  • 530 -- Physical Science for Teachers I. (3) Topics appropriate for elementary and middle school curricula; chemical and physical change; states and transformations of matter; atoms, elements, molecules, mixtures, and compounds; laws of motion; heat, light, and sound energy; electricity and magnetism.
  • 530L -- Physical Science for Teachers Laboratory I. (1) (Coreq: SMED 530, consent of instructor)
  • 541 -- Classical and Modern Physics for Teachers I. (3) (Prereq: science teaching certificate, algebra, trigonometry) Mechanics, electromagnetism, wave motion, sound, heat, optics, relativity, quantum physics, atomic and nuclear physics. No previous background in physics is assumed. Laboratory activities designed specifically for the pre-college teacher will be required.
  • 542 -- Classical and Modern Physics for Teachers II. (3) (Prereq: SMED 541, science teaching certificate, algebra and trigonometry) Continuation of SMED 541.
  • 586 -- Energy, Motion, and Matter. (3) (Prereq: introductory-level courses in life, earth, and physical sciences or permission of instructor) Integrated study of the earth's atmosphere for pre-service and in-service middle school teachers combining concepts from earth, life, and physical science leading to an understanding of the interaction of all systems.
  • 587 -- Interdependence of Living Systems. (3) (Prereq: introductory-level courses in life, earth, and physical sciences or permission of instructor) Integrated study of the biotic and abiotic environments combining life, earth, and physical science concepts to understand relationships in living systems. For pre-service and in-service middle school teachers.
  • 588 -- Origin and Evolution of Living and Non-Living Systems. (3) (Prereq: introductory-level courses in life, earth, and physical sciences or permission of instructor) Study of the earth system for pre-service and in-service middle school teachers, with emphasis on the origin, evolution, and interactions of the subsystems of the earth system.
  • 591 -- Data Analysis for Teachers. {=STAT 591} (3) Introduction to statistics for elementary, middle, and high school teachers. The fundamentals of data collection, descriptive statistics, probability, and inference with special focus on methods of teaching statistical reasoning. For I.M.A./M.A.T. (excluding mathematics)/M.Ed./M.T. and nondegree credit only.

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM)

  • 101 -- Concepts and Connections: An Introduction to Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. (3) This course introduces concepts, connections, and evolving relationships among the sciences engineering and mathematics to strengthen understanding of current ideas and applications of advancing technologies.

Special Liberal Arts Courses (COLA)

  • 298 -- Topics in the Liberal Arts. (3) Reading and research on selected interdisciplinary topics in the liberal arts. Course content varies and will be announced in the schedule of classes by suffix and title.
  • 398 -- Interdisciplinary Seminar in the Liberal Arts. (3) Advanced reading and research on selected interdisciplinary topics in the liberal arts. Course content varies and will be announced in the schedule of classes by suffix and title. Open only to juniors and seniors with consent of instructor.
  • 500 -- Selected Topics in Civilization and Culture. (3)

Teacher Preparation Programs

The College of Arts and Sciences participates in teacher preparation programs for undergraduate students who wish to pursue teacher certification. The University of South Carolina Columbia's innovative five-year program is closely coupled with a student's undergraduate major. This special program leads to a bachelor's degree and is followed by a master's degree leading to teacher certification. Because the University of South Carolina is committed to preparing professionals who will serve as leaders in education, admission to the master's degree program with certification is highly competitive.

Students seeking certification as secondary teachers may pursue bachelor’s degrees in the College of Arts and Sciences as preparation for the Master of Teaching (MT) degree in the College of Education. In addition to all requirements for the specific undergraduate degree program, students must complete all prerequisites for the MT program as specified by the College of Education. Students planning to pursue certification in secondary English should pursue the Bachelor of Arts degree with a major in English. Those seeking certification in secondary social studies may pursue the appropriate bachelor’s degree in history, economics, geography, political science, international studies, psychology, or sociology. Students seeking certification in secondary biology, chemistry, physics, or mathematics should pursue the Bachelor of Science degree with a major in the appropriate discipline. In addition, students may apply for the Bachelor of Science in Interdisciplinary Studies degree program to achieve certification in two disciplines with the following combinations: chemistry/physics, biology/chemistry, or earth science/life science.

It should be noted that the Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT) degree is also available at the University of South Carolina in selected disciplines, including art, English, foreign languages, mathematics, sciences, social studies, and theatre. The College of Arts and Sciences also offers a Bachelor of Fine Arts with a major in art education that prepares students for K-12 certification in art. Students majoring in classics, French, German, or Spanish may seek K-12 teacher certification in Latin, French, German, or Spanish through a teacher preparation option at the undergraduate level.

Curricula

Degree requirements vary among the undergraduate degree programs in the College of Arts and Sciences.

Curricula Section I.

Curricula for undergraduate degrees in the following majors:

African American Studies (Bachelor of Arts), Anthropology (Bachelor of Arts), Art Education (Bachelor of Fine Arts), Art History (Bachelor of Arts), Art Studio (Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Fine Arts), Classics (Bachelor of Arts), Comparative Literature (Bachelor of Arts), European Studies (Bachelor of Arts), Criminology and Criminal Justice (Bachelor of Science), Dance (Bachelor of Arts), Economics (Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science), English (Bachelor of Arts), Film and Media Studies (Bachelor of Arts), French (Bachelor of Arts), Geography (Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science), German (Bachelor of Arts), History (Bachelor of Arts), Interdisciplinary Studies (Bachelor of Arts in Interdisciplinary Studies), International Studies (Bachelor of Arts), Italian (Bachelor of Arts), Latin American Studies (Bachelor of Arts), Media Arts (Bachelor of Arts), Philosophy (Bachelor of Arts), Political Science (Bachelor of Arts), Psychology (Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science), Religious Studies (Bachelor of Arts), Russian (Bachelor of Arts), Sociology (Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science), Spanish (Bachelor of Arts), Theatre (Bachelor of Arts), Women’s Studies (Bachelor of Arts).

The curricula established for all baccalaureate degrees awarded by the college include a set of courses that fulfill general education requirements, a set of courses that comprise a departmental major, a set of courses that comprise a cognate or minor, and several hours of free elective courses. A course may be used to fulfill only one requirement.

A student who chooses to major in one of the areas above is advised to read carefully the statement of the major department or program on the following pages and to consult frequently with the major advisor. No student will be permitted to change a major field of study during the final 30 hours of academic work.

General Education Requirements. Degree candidates in the College of Arts and Sciences must satisfy the general education requirements prescribed for the specific degree program. These requirements are designed to provide students with a broad experience in the liberal arts and sciences and opportunities to develop intellectual skills in analysis, synthesis, and evaluation, as well as competence in written and oral communication. General education is not defined by subject matter alone, but rather by an attitude toward the world that emphasizes intelligent functioning as a human being.

Through the general education requirements, students are provided with opportunities to learn and apply the modes of inquiry essential to each discipline and to develop the following skills, perspectives, and attitudes. Writing: Fluency in writing is essential for success in college work and for effectiveness as an educated person. Foreign language: The study of a foreign language enables students both to develop an important skill and to gain an appreciation of the uniqueness of a foreign culture as reflected in its language. History and cultural awareness: Students must be informed about the traditions that are part of our cultural heritage and must have some understanding of the forces, figures, and events that shaped American history, as well as basic knowledge of other cultures. Mathematics and analytical reasoning: Students must be able to reason logically and understand analytical and quantitative ideas. Natural sciences: Direct experience in science through both the lecture and the laboratory is essential for students to function as informed citizens in matters of science and technology and to understand the complexities of science and the risks and benefits of its applications. Philosophy: The study of philosophy provides students with a formal introduction to issues of fundamental human importance, such as the nature of humankind and the criteria for knowledge and moral decisions, and fosters the development of skills in clear thinking, rational evaluations, and critical self-reflection. Fine arts, literature, and the humanities: These disciplines provide students with an understanding and appreciation of aesthetic, cultural, and ethical values. Social sciences: The study of human behavior and questions regarding the possibilities and the limitations of the human condition are essential parts of general education.

Each student must complete the specified number of hours or attain the desired level of achievement in the groups of courses outlined below. Note that the credit hours required in these groups vary somewhat between the B.A. and B.S. degrees. In planning the course of study during the first two years, a student should give precedence to courses that satisfy the general education requirements. Students must complete English 101 and 102 within the first 60 semester hours of work in order for these courses to be credited toward graduation.

Majors. Every degree candidate in the college must successfully complete a major program of study, approved by a major advisor, that meets the major requirements of the department or program. A general major consists of at least 24 hours of approved advanced study in the student's field of interest. An intensive major requires 36 to 48 hours of approved advanced study; no special notation will appear on the student’s transcript or diploma. The intensive major is often conceived specifically as preparation for professional or graduate study. A minimum grade of C is required for any course submitted for fulfillment of general or intensive major requirements. At least half of the major courses must be taken in residence in the College of Arts and Sciences in order to apply to the degree.

Interdisciplinary Studies. The College of Arts and Sciences offers the Bachelor of Arts in Interdisciplinary Studies for students who want a program of interdisciplinary studies without a major in a single department or in a structured interdepartmental degree program (e.g., African American studies). For details see the section titled "Interdisciplinary Studies."

Second Major. In some degree programs, a student may elect a second major. Normally, second majors are possible only in degree programs with similar general requirements. The second major option is not available in all colleges.

The following specifications for a second major apply:

1. The student must meet admission and progression requirements for the second major.
2. The student must have received approval from both deans for a second major.
3. All requirements for the second major must be fulfilled.
4. All general education and special departmental requirements normally associated with the second major must be fulfilled.
5. In cases where the first major and the second major lead to different degrees, the student must designate one as the official degree of record.

A second major eliminates the cognate requirement; however, special departmental requirements normally completed as part of the cognate are not waived. Fulfillment of the requirements for a second major are indicated on the student's official transcript upon graduation. No notation for a second major is placed on the official transcript for course work completed after graduation.

For information on second degrees, see "Graduation" in the academic regulations chapter of this bulletin.

Cognates. In addition to satisfactorily completing all courses in the major field of study, a student must also satisfactorily complete a minimum of 12 hours in advanced courses related to the major, but outside the major, as prescribed by the major department.

The cognate is intended to support the course work in the major. Cognate courses may be drawn from one or more departments, depending on the individual interests and requirements of the student as judged by the departmental advisor. A cognate differs from a minor in that the courses must be above prerequisite level and may be distributed over more than one subject area. For degrees in Curricula Section I, cognate courses must be passed with a grade of C or higher.

Courses offered by departments and programs in the College of Arts and Sciences that are acceptable for cognate credit are outlined below; for cognate course offerings in other departments or colleges, consult the appropriate section of this bulletin.

Aerospace Studies: all numbered 300 and above
African American Studies: all
Anthropology: all numbered 200 and above
Army/Military Science: all numbered 300 and above
Art: Art Studio, Art History, and Art Education; all numbered 200 and above, except ARTE 465
Astronomy: all numbered 300 and above
Biology: all numbered 300 and above
Chemistry: all numbered 321 and above
Classics: all numbered 300 and above
Comparative Literature: all numbered 300 and above
Criminology and Criminal Justice: all numbered
311 and above
Dance: all numbered 200 and above
Economics: all numbered 300 and above
English: all numbered 300 and above
Environmental Studies: all numbered 300 and above
Film and Media Studies: all numbered 300 and above
Geography: all numbered 200 and above
Geology: all numbered 202 and above
History: all numbered 300 and above
Languages, Literatures, and Cultures: all numbered 300 and above, except 315
Latin American Studies: all
Linguistics: all numbered 300 and above
Marine Science: all numbered 215 and above
Mathematics: all numbered 241 and above, except 401
Media Arts: all numbered 200 and above
Naval Science: all numbered 300 and above
Philosophy: all numbered 200 and above
Physics: all numbered 212 and above
Political Science: all numbered 300 and above
Psychology: all numbered 300 and above
Religious Studies: all numbered 300 and above
Sociology: all numbered 300 and above
Southern Studies: all numbered 300 and above
Speech: all numbered 200 and above
Statistics: all numbered 399 and above
Theatre: all numbered 200 and above
Women's and Gender Studies: all numbered 300 and above

Minors. In place of the cognate a student in the College of Arts and Sciences may choose a minor consisting of at least 18 credit hours of prescribed courses. (Some minors in the sciences require a minimum of 16 hours.) The subject area of the minor may be related to the major.

The minor is intended to develop a coherent basic preparation in a second area of study. It differs from the cognate inasmuch as the courses must be concentrated in one area and must follow a structured sequence. Interdisciplinary minors can be designed with the approval of the dean.

Courses applied toward general education requirements cannot be counted toward the minor. No course may satisfy both major and minor requirements. All minor courses must be passed with a grade of C or better. At least half of the hours in the student's minor must be taken at the University.

Minors are available in participating departments of the College of Arts and Sciences and in other colleges. For descriptions of specific minors, students should see their academic advisors and the College of Arts and Sciences Web page.

Areas from Arts and Sciences
Actuarial Mathematics and Statistics; Aerospace Studies; African Studies; African American Studies; Ancient Greek Literature; Anthropology; Art History; Art Studio; Asian Studies; Astronomy; Biology; Chemistry; Chinese Studies;
Classical Studies; Comparative Literature; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Dance; Economics; English; Environmental Studies; European Studies; Film and Media Studies; French; Geography; Geology; German; History; International Studies; Islamic Culture Studies; Italian; Japanese; Latin; Latin American Studies; Linguistics; Marine Science; Mathematics; Media Arts; Medical Humanities; Military Science; Naval Science; Neuroscience; Philosophy; Physics; Political Science; Portuguese; Psychology; Religious Studies; Renaissance Studies; Russian; Russian and European Studies; Sociology; South Carolina Studies; Southern Studies; Spanish; Speech Communications; Statistics; Theatre; and Women's Studies
Other Colleges and Departments
Arnold School of Public Health; Computer Science and Engineering; Moore School of Business; Education; Hospitality, Retail, and Sport Management; Mass Communications and Information Studies; Music; Physical Education/Coaching; Social Work; and S.C. Honors College (minor in inquiry)

Electives. The B.A. and B.S. degrees in Curricula Section I require the successful completion of at least 120 credit hours in academic subjects. No courses of a remedial, developmental, skill-acquiring, or vocational nature may be applied as credit toward a degree in the College of Arts and Sciences. To encourage the student to select electives that will broaden the educational background and to strike out into areas that might otherwise be neglected, the College of Arts and Sciences allows the use of the Pass-Fail option on elective courses.

Basic Degree Requirements (for majors in Curricula Section I)

(120 total hours required)

(53-62 hours B.A.) (56-65 hours B.S.)

1. College Core1

Writing (B.A.) (B.S.)
ENGL 101, 102 (6) (6) Must be passed with grade of C or higher

Foreign Languages
Demonstration of proficiency in one foreign language equivalent to the minimal passing grade on the exit examination in the 122 course is required for all baccalaureate degrees.2 (0-9) (0-9)

History
European: HIST 101 or 102 (3) (3)
American: HIST 111 or 112 (3) (3)
History other than American or European (3) (3)

Mathematics/Analytical Reasoning
MATH 122 or 141, plus an additional course from mathematics (at a higher level), PHIL 110, 111, statistics, computer science; or two courses from one of the following fields: PHIL 110, 111, statistics, computer science3 (6)

Mathematics/Analytical Reasoning
B.S. candidates only
A minimum of 12 hours, to include:
MATH 141 or 122, as specified by major department;
MATH 142, 170, or 172, as specified by major department;
STAT 201 (or equivalent) or higher, as specified by major department;
CSCE 102 (or equivalent) or higher, as specified by major department

Laboratory Sciences
Two laboratory courses selected from the following fields:
ANTH 161, astronomy, biology, chemistry, ENVR 101 and 101L, GEOG 201, GEOG 202, geology, marine science, physics (8)

Philosophical Reasoning
Course in philosophy, excluding 110, 111 (3) (3)

2. Distribution Requirements

Humanities4
Fine Arts (3) (3)
Literature (200 or higher) (3) (3)
Courses selected from African American Studies, English (282 or higher), fine arts, foreign languages and literatures, history, WGST 111, philosophy (except 110, 111, 511), religious studies (6) (3)

Social Sciences4
Courses selected from anthropology
(excluding ANTH 161), economics, geography (excluding GEOG 201, 202), political science, WGST 112, psychology, sociology5 (9) (6)

3. Cultural Awareness and Writing Emphasis Requirements

Students must complete the specified number of courses in each of these areas, but may use these courses to satisfy other degree requirements except where specifically restricted.

Cultural Awareness6 (9) (9) hours
A minimum of three courses, with at least one course from each of the following:

1. a course treating in some specific way the culture of the student's foreign language
2. a course in North American studies (excluding HIST 111, 112)
3. a course in a culture other than American or Western European

Writing Emphasis* (6) (6) hours
Six hours of courses with substantial writing and revision components. These courses are designated by a W suffix. W courses may be used to satisfy other requirements with the exception of freshman English.

4. Major Requirements7 (24-60) (24-60) hours

One of the following options (at least half of the major courses must be taken in residence at the College of Arts and Sciences in order to apply to the degree):
General major (24-30) (24-30)
Intensive major (36-48) (36-48)
Double major (48-60) (48-60)

5. Cognate or Minor (12-18) (12-18) hours

6. Electives

1Students are encouraged to demonstrate the level of accomplishment represented by core courses by means of advanced examinations. See the section on advanced placement in the "Admissions" section.
2It is strongly recommended that students continuing the study of a foreign language begin college-level study of that language in their first semester and continue in that language until their particular foreign language requirement is completed.
3CSCE 101 and 102 or any other sequence of computer science courses involving substantial problem-solving components may be applied. Note that MATH 100, 101, 102 may not be applied in any way toward degrees in the College of Arts and Sciences.
4Major prerequisites may be used for no more than three hours of this requirement.
5At least two fields must be represented for the B.A.; only one field need be represented for the B.S.
6A wide variety of courses can be considered under the general category of "Cultural Awareness." Students are directed to consult the
Guidelines for Advisement and their major advisors for specific courses.
7See individual departmental listings for further details.
*The W course requirement is not currently in effect; to be implemented with final approval of the dean.

Degree requirements for the Bachelor of Fine Arts with a major in art education are described in the departmental section for art.

Curricula Section II

Curricula for undergraduate degrees in the following majors:

Biological Studies (Bachelor of Science), Cardiovascular Technology (Bachelor of Science), Chemistry (Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Science in Chemistry), Geological Sciences (Bachelor of Science), Geophysics (Bachelor of Science), Interdisciplinary Studies (Bachelor of Science in Interdisciplinary Studies), Marine Science (Bachelor of Science), Mathematics (Bachelor of Science), Physics (Bachelor of Science), Statistics (Bachelor of Science)

A candidate for the B.S. degree must satisfactorily complete the requirements for a major in one of the programs listed above. The student is advised to read carefully the statement of the appropriate department or program in the following pages. No student will be permitted to change a major field after the beginning of the senior year.

The curricula established for all baccalaureate degrees include a set of courses that fulfill the general education requirements, a set of courses that comprise a departmental major, a set of courses that comprise a cognate or minor, and several hours of free elective courses.

General Education Requirements. Degree candidates in the College of Arts and Sciences must satisfy the general education requirements prescribed for the specific degree program. These requirements are designed to provide students with a broad experience in the liberal arts and sciences and opportunities to develop intellectual skills in analysis, synthesis, and evaluation, as well as competence in written and oral communication. General education is not defined by subject matter alone, but rather by an attitude toward the world which emphasizes intelligent functioning as a human being These requirements are outlined below.

Major Options. Arts and sciences students pursuing degree programs under Curricula Section II may satisfy a general major with a minimum of 24 to 28 hours in advanced courses in one department, or an intensive major with 33 to 41 hours in advanced courses in one department. The intensive major is intended specifically for students who plan to pursue graduate work or wish to meet standards of professional societies; no special notation will appear on the student’s transcript or diploma. A minimum grade of C or better is required on all major courses. At least half of the major courses must be taken in residence in the College of Arts and Sciences in order to apply to the degree.

Second Major. In some degree programs, a student may elect a second major. Normally, second majors are possible only in degree programs with similar general requirements. The second major option is not available in all colleges.

The following specifications for a second major apply:

1. The student must meet admission and progression requirements for the second major.
2. The student must have received approval from both deans for a second major.
3. All requirements for the second major must be fulfilled.
4. All general education and special departmental requirements normally associated with the second major must be fulfilled.
5. In cases where the first major and the second major lead to different degrees, the student must designate one as the official degree of record.

A second major eliminates the cognate requirement; however, special departmental requirements normally completed as part of the cognate are not waived. Fulfillment of the requirements for a second major are indicated on the student's official transcript upon graduation. No notation for a second major is placed on the official transcript for course work completed after graduation.

For information on second degrees, see "Graduation" in the academic regulations chapter of this bulletin.

Cognates. In addition to the satisfactory completion of courses in the major field of study, a student must also complete a minimum of 12 hours in advanced courses outside of the major related to the student’s major as prescribed by the major department.

The cognate is intended to support the course work in the major. Cognate courses may all be in one outside department or in several departments, depending on the individual interests and requirements of the student as judged by the student’s academic advisor. A cognate differs from a minor in that the courses must be above sophomore level and may be distributed over more than one subject area. For degrees in Curricula Section II, grades of D are acceptable for completion of the cognate requirement. Courses applied toward general education requirements cannot be counted toward the cognate.

Courses offered by departments in the College of Arts and Sciences that are acceptable for cognate credit for the Bachelor of Science (Curricula Section II) are outlined below; for cognate course offerings in other departments or colleges, consult the appropriate sections of this bulletin. In general, 399 courses are not used for fulfilling the cognate requirement. Some major programs have specific cognate requirements.

Aerospace Studies: all numbered 300 and above
African American Studies: all
Anthropology: all numbered 200 and above
Army/Military Science: all numbered 300 and above
Art History: all numbered 300 and above
Astronomy: all numbered 211 and above
Biology: all numbered 300 through 600 levels
Chemistry: all except 101, 102, 105, 106, 111, 112, 118
Comparative Literature: all numbered 300 and above
Criminology and Criminal Justice: all numbered 300 and above, except 494
Economics: all numbered 300 and above
English: all numbered 300 and above, except 450, 461, 462, 463, 620
Film
and Media Studies: all numbered 300 and above
Geography: all numbered 200 and above, except 531
Geology: all numbered 300 and above
History: all numbered 300 and above
Languages, Literatures, and Cultures: all numbered 300 and above, except 315, 316
Latin American Studies: all
Linguistics: all numbered 300 and above
Marine Science: all numbered 311 and above
Mathematics: all numbered 241 and above, except 401
Naval Science: all numbered 300 and above
Philosophy: all numbered 200 and above
Physics: 207, 208, and all numbered 212 and above
Political Science: all numbered 300 and above
Psychology: all numbered 300 and above, except 594-599
Religious Studies: all numbered 300 and above
Sociology: all numbered 300 and above
Statistics: all numbered 500 and above
Theatre: all numbered 561 and above
Women's Studies: all numbered 320 and above

It should be emphasized that the cognate is not a second set of elective courses to be chosen at random by the student. The cognate must be approved by the advisor as being related to the major field of study.

Due to its interdisciplinary nature, the major program and cognate requirements for marine science are combined into a single 36-hour major program requirement.

Minors. In place of the cognate a student may choose a minor consisting of at least 16 credit hours of prescribed courses. (Most minors require a minimum of 18 hours; some minors in the sciences require a minimum of 16 hours.) The subject area of the minor may be related to the major. The minor is intended to develop a coherent basic preparation in a second area of study. It differs from the cognate inasmuch as the courses must be concentrated in one area and must follow a structured sequence. Courses applied toward general education requirements cannot be counted toward the minor. No course may satisfy both major and minor requirements. All minor courses must be passed with a grade of C or better. At least half of the hours in the student's minor must be taken at the University. For descriptions of specific minors, students should see their academic advisors and the College of Arts and Sciences Web page.

Electives. With the exception of cardiovascular technology, requirements for the Bachelor of Science (Curricula Section II) degree in the College of Arts and Sciences include at least 128 hours in academic subjects. Students may elect courses offered in other colleges of the University. In planning the course of study during the first two years, a student should give precedence to the courses that satisfy the general education requirements.

Other Regulations

In addition to the University academic regulations, students pursuing the Bachelor of Science (Curricula Section II) degree are subject to the following:
1. A student shall not be permitted to enroll for more than 18 credit hours without the approval of the assistant dean of the college.
2. The assistant dean of the college, with the recommendation of the appropriate faculty, may authorize a student to repeat a course.

Basic Degree Requirements (Bachelor of Science) for majors in Curricula Section II

(128 hours)

1. General Education Requirements

Group I*
ENGL 101, 102 (6 hours) Must be passed with grades of C or better.
Foreign language: Demonstration of proficiency in one foreign language equivalent to the minimal passing grade on the exit examination in the 122 course is required for all baccalaureate degrees. (0-9 hours)
Two courses in history, at the 100 level, at least one non-U.S. history (6 hours)

Group II--Quantitative
A minimum of 12 hours, to include:
MATH 141 or 122, as specified by major department;
MATH 142, 170, or 172, as specified by major department;
STAT 201 (or equivalent) or higher, as specified by major department;
CSCE 102 (or equivalent) or higher, as specified by major department

Group III--Humanities
3 hours fine arts

3 hours selected from: African American studies, English (numbered 280 and higher, except 450 and 460-463), fine arts, foreign language (201 and higher), history (300 and higher), philosophy (except 110, 111, 511), religious studies, WGST 111 (6 hours)

Group IV--Social Sciences
Courses selected from: anthropology, economics, geography, government and international studies, psychology, sociology, WGST 112 (6 hours)

Group V--Laboratory Science
Courses (both with laboratory) selected from: astronomy, biology, chemistry, geological sciences, marine science, and physics (8 hours)

Total of Groups I, II, III, IV, and V (46-57 hours)

2. Major Requirements (One of the following options)

General major (24-28 hours)
Intensive major (33-41 hours)
Double major (48-60 hours)
Total (24-60 hours)

3. Cognate or Minor Requirements (12-18 hours)

4. Electives Sufficient additional academic credits to total a minimum of 128 hours.

*Students are encouraged to demonstrate the level of accomplishment represented by Group I courses by means of advanced placement examinations. See the section on advanced placement under "Admissions."

Cardiovascular Technology

Loren W. Knapp, Ph.D., Assistant Dean, College of Arts and Sciences, Director

The Bachelor of Science degree with a major in cardiovascular technology is awarded upon:

1. satisfactory completion of at least 100 semester hours of academic work, including all courses prescribed in the curriculum below;
2. satisfactory completion of an intensive CVT training program, accredited by the Joint Review Committee on Education in Cardiovascular Technology.

Admission and Retention Standards for Cardiovascular Technology

Admission to CVT training programs is very competitive, and only a limited number of candidates can be admitted in each class. For this reason the following admission and retention standards are applied during the academic portion of this program:

1. Admission. Students may be admitted into the cardiovascular technology program upon completion of BIOL 101, 101L, 102, and 102L; CHEM 111 and 112; and MATH 122 or 141 provided they meet the grade requirements specified below.
2. Retention. Progressive GPA standards are enforced for continuation in the program. Upon completion of 30 credit hours a minimum GPA of 2.50 is required; at 60 credit hours a minimum GPA of 2.75 is required. Upon completion of the specified academic requirements, only students who have gained admission into an approved CVT training facility will be retained in the program.

Transfer students admitted to this degree program must complete the last 30 credit hours of academic work in residence at the University of South Carolina prior to entering the intensive CVT training program.

Degree Requirements

1. General Education Requirements

General education requirements are the same as the College of Arts and Sciences, Bachelor of Science (Curricula Section II) requirements except:
Group II--only MATH 122 or 141, STAT 201, and CSCE 102 are required.

2. Major Requirements

a. BIOL 302, 303, 415, 460, 460L, 541 {=CHEM 550}, 541L {=CHEM 550L}.
b. CHEM 333, 331L, 334, 332L.
c. Satisfactory completion of an approved CVT training program.

3. Other Requirements

a. PHYS 201, 201L, 202, 202L.
b. 4 credits selected from BIOL 302L, 505, 530, and 620 or CHEM 321, 321L.

4. Electives

Electives to bring the total credit hours earned to 100; suggested electives: NURS 223, CLAS 230.

5. Cognate or Minor Requirements

The 15- to 18-month clinical program will replace the need for a cognate.

School of Cardiovascular Technology Affiliated with the University of South Carolina

The clinical faculty member listed below is also designated as a special lecturer on the cardiovascular technology program at the University of South Carolina.

Claude Smith, M.D., Medical Director
Providence Hospital, Columbia, South Carolina

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