Nursing chosen for national study on simulation
USC’s College of Nursing is one of 10 nursing education programs across the country chosen by the National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN) to participate in a landmark, multi-site study of simulation use in prelicensure nursing programs.
Beginning in fall 2011, the NCSBN Simulation Study will monitor incoming nursing students at the study sites throughout their baccalaureate education and into their first year of professional practice.
The NCSBN Simulation Study aims to highlight currently known best practices in simulation use; evaluate the learning that occurs with various amounts of simulation substituting for clinical hours; establish key simulation standards and learning experiences in each core clinical course during the study; and evaluate new graduates’ ability to translate educational experiences into the workplace.
To achieve these objectives, students from each of the 10 study sites will be randomly assigned to one of three groups: one group will spend up to 10 percent of the time normally spent at clinical sites in simulation; a second group will spend 25 percent of the time normally spent at clinical sites in simulation; and a third group willl spend 50 percent of the time normally spent at clinical sites in simulation.
“We are excited and honored to be a part of this landmark simulation study. In a time of faculty shortages and clinical site capacity, nursing educators must design and implement quality simulation experiences for our students,” said Peggy Hewlett, dean of the College of Nursing.
NCSBN will monitor students from the five associate degree nursing programs and five baccalaureate degree nursing programs; each site will be managed by its own study team. Faculty serving on the USC College of Nursing study team include Susan Poslusny, Erin McKinney, Lonnie Rosier, David Hodsen, Katherine Chappell, Joynelle Rivers, and Sabra Smith.
All 10 study teams will meet three times over the course of the next six months to learn about facilitating simulation, debriefing techniques, and using assessment tools and ratings. Study teams will also establish the curriculum that all study sites will use during the next two years based on results from a national curriculum survey that was sent to clinicians and nursing schools. The first of these meetings took place in Chicago this past fall.
Study teams will monitor students daily, upon completion of each clinical course, after one year in the nursing program, upon graduation, and, finally, one year postgraduation. Research gathered by the study teams will be reported to NCSBN, which will assess nursing knowledge, clinical competence, and student satisfaction with the education they received.
It is important for the study to continue one year postgraduation to evaluate how well new graduate nurses are able to apply the knowledge they have acquired during nursing school to their practice as new nurses, providing the missing link that has not been studied in previous simulation studies.
Researchers will examine and compare clinical and simulation experiences, competencies, and level of practice. The follow-up of graduates into their first year of practice will focus on retention of new nurses and clinical judgment after graduation.
“Our faculty are committed to clinical simulation and fully acknowledge the importance of research and evaluation in order to measure the effectiveness of this type of innovative teaching methodology,” Hewlett said.
NCSBN is a non-profit organization whose members include the boards of nursing in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and four U.S. territories—American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and the Virgin Islands.