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School of Medicine

Faculty and Staff

Lawrence Reagan, Ph.D.

Title: Professor of Pharmacology, Physiology & Neuroscience
Vice Chair
Department: Pharmacology, Physiology & Neuroscience
School of Medicine
Phone: 803-216-3515
Office:

Pharmacology, Physiology & Neuro
Basic Science Bldg 1, D-40

profile

Training

Ph.D.
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Postdoctoral
The Rockefeller University

Research

The hippocampus is an important integration center for learning and memory and is one of the major target areas for stress in the central nervous system. Exposure to stress may produce reversible synaptic changes, as well as irreversible neuronal damage, depending upon the duration of stress and the pre-existing physiological milieu. My laboratory is interested in determining the underlying structural, neurochemical and functional changes that are produced by stress in the hippocampus in order to achieve a greater understanding of how these alterations may contribute to the development of cognitive impairments in a variety of clinical situations, including recurrent depressive illness.  We are also examining the effects of metabolic stressors like diabetes and obesity on hippocampal neuroplasticity.  Our ongoing studies are examining the ability of pharmacological and lifestyle interventions to restore hippocampal neuroplasticity in experimental models of stress, diabetes and obesity. 

Recent Publications

  • Reznikov LR, Grillo CA, Piroli GG, Pasumarthi RK, Reagan LP, Fadel J (2007) Acute stress mediated increases in extracellular glutamate levels in the rat amygdala: differential effects of antidepressant treatment. Eur. J. Neurosci. 25: 3109-3114.
  • Kelly SJ, Benard K, Munoz C, Lawrence C, Thacker J, Grillo CA, Piroli GG, Reagan LP (2009) Effects of the AMPA receptor modulator S 18983 on measures of cognition and oxidative stress in aged rats. Psychopharmacology. 202:225-235.
  • Grillo CA, Piroli GG, Kaigler KF, Wilson SP, Wilson MA, Reagan LP (2011) Downregulation of hypothalamic insulin receptor expression elicits depressive-like behaviors in rats. Behavioral Brain Research. 222:230-235.
  • Reagan LP (2012) Diabetes as a chronic metabolic stressor: causes, consequences and clinical complications. Experimental Neurology, 233:68-78.
  • Piroli GG, Reznikov LR, Hagar JM, Grillo CA, Fadel JR, Reagan LP (2013) Tianeptine modulates amygdalar glutamate neurochemistry and synaptic proteins in rats subjected to repeated stress.  Exp. Neurology, 241:184-193.
  • Wilson MA, Grillo CA, Fadel JR, Reagan LP (2015) Stress as a one-armed bandit; differential effects of stress paradigms on the morphology, neurochemistry and behavior in the rodent amygdala. Neurobiology of Stress, 1:195-208.
  • Grillo CA, Piroli GG, Lawrence RC, Wrighten SA, Green AJ, Wilson SP, Sakai RR, Kelly SJ, Wilson MA, Mott DD, Reagan LP (2015)  Hippocampal insulin resistance impairs spatial learning and synaptic plasticity.  Diabetes, 64:3927-3936.
  • Biessels GJ, Reagan LP (2015) Hippocampal insulin resistance and cognitive dysfunction.  Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 16:660-671.
  • Macht VA, Vazquez M, Petyak CE, Grillo CA, Kaigler K, McClellan JL, Cranford TL, Murphy EA, Nyland JF, Solomon G, Gertler A, Wilson MA, Reagan LP (2017)  Leptin resistance elicits depressive-like behaviors in rats.  Brain, Behav Immun. 60: 151-160.
  • Macht VA, Woodruff JL, Grillo CA, Wood CS, Wilson MA, Reagan LP (2018) Pathophysiology in a model of Gulf War Illness: contributions of pyridostigmine bromide and stress. Psychoneuroendocrinology.  96:195-202.
  • Macht VA, Reagan LP (2018) Chronic stress from adolescence to aging in the prefrontal cortex: A neuroimmune perspective. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology. 49:31-42.

Teaching

Course Director, Medical Pharmacology


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