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Arnold School of Public Health



GO SHAPES will deliver an online professional training program, recently developed by CPARG, to staff members of childcare centers across the state of South Carolina. The program is intended to increase the physical activity levels of young children attending child care centers by preparing teachers to incorporate increased physical activity into their normal daily routines.


The online program is based on previous research by CPARG which has identified effective strategies for promoting physical activity in children in childcare centers.


During the funding period, the program will be delivered to approximately 4800 teachers in 600 childcare centers. Special emphasis will be given to include centers that serve children whose childcare enrollment is subsidized by the Department of Social Services SC Voucher Program, which is associated with the DSS ABC Quality Improvement Program for childcare centers. In addition, the project will recruit a higher percentage in SC Congressional Districts 5, 6, and 7, areas experiencing the highest levels of health disparities, including childhood obesity.

Project Details

Timeline: January 2017-December 2019
Funding Source: BlueCrossBlueShield of South Carolina Foundation
Principal Investigator: Russell R. Pate
Co-Investigator(s): William Brown, Kerry Cordan, Ruth Saunders

Saunders RP, Pfeiffer K, Brown WH, Howie EK, Dowda M, O’Neill JR, McIver K, Pate RR. Evaluating and refining the conceptual model used in the study of health and activity in preschool environments (SHAPES) intervention. Health Education & Behavior. 2017 Dec;44(6):876-84. [pdf]

Kennedy AB, Schenkelberg M, Moyer C, Pate R, Saunders RP. Process evaluation of a preschool physical activity intervention using web-based delivery. Evaluation and program planning. 2017 Feb 1;60:24-36.[pdf]

Lau EY, Saunders RP, Beets MW, Cai B, Pate RR. Factors influencing implementation of a preschool-based physical activity intervention. Health education research. 2017 Feb 1;32(1):69-80. [pdf]

Howie EK, Brewer AE, Brown WH, Saunders RP, Pate RR. Systematic dissemination of a preschool physical activity intervention to the control preschools. Evaluation and program planning. 2016 Aug 1;57:1-7.[pdf]

O’Neill JR, Pfeiffer KA, Dowda M, Pate RR. In-school and out-of-school physical activity in preschool children. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2016 Jun;13(6):606-10. [pdf]

Howie EK, Brewer AE, Dowda M, McIver KL, Saunders RP, Pate RR. A tale of 2 teachers: A preschool physical activity intervention case study. Journal of school health. 2016 Jan;86(1):23-30. [pdf]

Pate RR, O'Neill JR, Byun W, McIver KL, Dowda M, Brown WH. Physical activity in preschool children: comparison between Montessori and traditional preschools. Journal of School Health. 2014 Nov 1;84(11):716-21. [pdf]

Howie EK, Brewer A, Brown WH, Pfeiffer KA, Saunders RP, Pate RR. The 3-year evolution of a preschool physical activity intervention through a collaborative partnership between research interventionists and preschool teachers. Health education research. 2014 Mar 21;29(3):491-502. [pdf]

Pfeiffer KA, Saunders RP, Brown WH, Dowda M, Addy CL, Pate RR. Study of Health and Activity in Preschool Environments (SHAPES): Study protocol for a randomized trial evaluating a multi-component physical activity intervention in preschool children. BMC Public Health. 2013 Dec;13(1):728. [pdf]

Byun W, Blair SN, Pate RR. Objectively measured sedentary behavior in preschool children: Comparison between Montessori and traditional preschools. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2013 Dec;10(1):2. [pdf]

Ross ST, Dowda M, Saunders R, Pate R. Double dose: The cumulative effect of TV viewing at home and in preschool on children’s activity patterns and weight status. Pediatric exercise science. 2013 May;25(2):262-72. [pdf]

España-Romero V, Mitchell JA, Dowda M, O’Neill JR, Pate RR. Objectively measured sedentary time, physical activity and markers of body fat in preschool children. Pediatric exercise science. 2013 Feb;25(1):154-63. [pdf]


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